5-Step to Solve A 3×3 Rubik’s Cube

I could solve one side of a Rubik’s cube, or even two when I was like 10 years old and always thought that it’s the way to solve a Rubik’s cube, side-by-side. Guess what?

I was completely wrong.

By eventually solving it lately with my kids, I realized that it’s rather a layer-by-layer game using a technique called CFOP (Cross-F2L-OLL-PLL) or block-by-block if using a different method called Roux.

Here is a simplified, easy-to-follow version of steps to solve a 3×3 Rubik’s Cube from a 6-Stage process from the official Rubik’s website, using the CFOP method.

Step 1 – Solve the White Cross

The goal of this step is to hold the cube with the white centerpiece on the top face and create a white cross as shown below:

Rubiks Cube Step 1 - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

Step 2 – Solve the White Corner

The goal is to make the cube like below with the white cross in the top face.

Rubiks Cube Step 2 - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

Tips – Find the white corner piece and turn it to one of the following positions:

Rubiks Cube Step 2 position - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

And use the following sequence 1x, 2x, 3x, or more until it’s in the right position.

Rubiks Cube Step 2 Sequence - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

Step 3 – Solve the Middle Layer

The goal:

Rubiks Cube Step 3 - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

Tips – create a vertical line by rotating the top face until the front color of the edge piece on the top face without yellow on it matches the side centerpiece. For example,

If you see this:

Rubiks Cube Step 3 tip 1 - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

Use the following sequence to move the blue piece to the right.

Rubiks Cube Step 3 tip 1 sequence - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

And if you see this:

Rubiks Cube Step 3 tip 2 - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

Use the following sequence to move the blue piece to the left.

Rubiks Cube Step 3 tip 2 Sequence - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

Continue these steps until all the edge pieces are in the right position.

Step 4 – Solve the Top Layer

The goal:

Rubiks Cube Step 4 - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

There are two steps to solve this:

1st Step: Make a yellow cross

Rubiks Cube Step 4 make a cross - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

2nd Step: Make all the corners yellow

Hold the cube to match your face to one of the following states.

Rubiks Cube Step 4 face states - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

Repeat the following sequence until all the corners are yellow.

Rubiks Cube Step 4 2nd sequence 600x119 - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

Step 5 – Solve the Final Layer

There are also two steps involved to solve the final piece of this puzzle.

1st Step: Position yellow corners correctly

The goal is to make all 4 corners in the right place, like below:

Rubiks Cube Step 5 1 - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

Hold the cube and place the 2 correct corners in the back, like A, B in the picture below:

Rubiks Cube Step 5 1 abcd - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

then do the sequence below to switch C and D.

Rubiks Cube Step 5 1 sequence - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

You may need to repeat this step a couple of times to get all the corners in the right place.

2nd Step: Position yellow edges correctly

If there is only one edge correctly placed, hold the Cube with the correct edge facing back. Then determine how the E, F, and G pieces need to move, clockwise or counter-clockwise.

Rubiks Cube Step 5 2 EFG - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

If no edges are placed correctly, then do either sequence below once.

To cycle EFG clockwise, do this sequence:

Rubiks Cube Step 5 2 clockwise - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

To cycle EFG counter-clockwise,

Rubiks Cube Step 5 2 counter clockwise - 5-Step to Solve A 3x3 Rubik's Cube

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