Monitoring and Restart MySQL Service Automatically with Monit

I have a Ubuntu VPS that runs a bunch of websites powered by MySQL server at the back end. For whatever reason, the websites just kept turning down because of the crush of the MySQL service. I could scale up the server to dip in more memory or set up some sort of monitoring system to monitor and restart MySQL service when it’s down.

I took the latter route with the help of m/monit, a small open-source utility for managing and monitoring Linux systems. Monit conducts automatic maintenance and repair and can execute meaningful causal actions in error situations.

While it may sound complicated, setting it up is actually quite straightforward.


As always, update the system first to keep the system update-to-date first.

sudo apt update & sudo apt upgrade

Then, install Monit from the Ubuntu repository.

sudo apt install monit

To verify the version after the installation,

sudo monit -V

Configure the web service

The nice thing about Monit is that it comes with a web interface for monitoring and managing the configured services. The default port is on 2812 but you can change that by modifying the configuration file.

sudo nano /etc/monit/monitrc

First, change the default monitoring interval if needed.

set daemon 120

Then, to enable and change the web interface settings, uncomment or change the following lines.

set httpd port 2812
  use address localhost    # only accept connection from localhost
  allow admin:monit        # required user credential

If you need to check the web interface remotely, comment out the localhost line and add the following instead.

allow ipaddress/32

Monitoring MySQL and Apache services

To monitor the MySQL service,

sudo nano /etc/monit/conf.d/mysql

and add the following lines:

check process mysql with pidfile /run/mysqld/
    start program = "/usr/sbin/service mysql start" with timeout 60 seconds
    stop program  = "/usr/sbin/service mysql stop"
    if failed unixsocket /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock then restart

To monitor the Apache service,

sudo nano /etc/monit/conf.d/apache

and add the following lines:

check process apache2 with pidfile /run/apache2/
    start program = "/bin/systemctl start apache2.service" with timeout 15 seconds
    stop program  = "/bin/systemctl stop apache2.service"
    restart program = "/bin/systemctl restart apache2.service"

Now, reload the Monit service,

sudo service monit reload

And check the web interface now.

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